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Which of the following best describes the chinese tribute system in practice with the steppe nomads?

chapter 8 world history Flashcards Quizle

  1. Which of the following best describes the Chinese tribute system in practice with the steppe nomads? the Chinese were not always able to dictate the terms of their relationship with the steppe nomads through the tribute system
  2. The tribute system required non-Chinese to acknowledge Chinese superiority and their own subordinate place in a Chinese-centered world order The emergence of which practice during the Song dynasty suggests that Chinese women's lives were more restricted than they had been in the Tang dynast
  3. Which of the following statements best describes the relationship between China and the northern nomads in the period 500-1300? Each society needed the products of the other. Which of the following statements best describes the Chinese conception of time before the arrival of Buddhism
  4. Which of the following statements about the Chinese tribute system is true? The Chinese government often gave other states gifts that were in fact worth more than the tribute that those states paid to China: 5: 3166362056: China's most enduring and intense interaction with outsiders was with: the nomadic pastoral peoples of the northern steppes.
  5. Start studying (Learning Curve) Chapter 8: China and the World: East Asian Connections, 500-1300. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools

The Chinese were not always able to dictate the terms of their relationship with the steppe nomads through the tribute system. Which of the following statements best describes the impact that Chinese culture had on Korean women after 1300 C.E. Which of the following statements best describes the relationship between China and the northern nomads in the period 500-1300? Each society needed the products of the other. What did China hope to gain by establishing the tribute system with its neighbors The tribute system was an exploitative one-way street, with foreign states paying tribute to China but the Chinese government offering nothing in return. The Chinese government often gave other states gifts that were in fact worth more than the tribute that those states paid to China

EXAM 3 - World Civilization - Multiple Choice. STUDY. PLAY. Which of the following was the greatest of the Third-Wave civilizations, having a massive impact with ripple effects across Afro-Eurasia? China. Which of the following statements best describes Chinese influence on the peoples of the steppes Which of the following statements best describes the impact that Chinese culture had on Korean women after 1300 C.E.? It had an overwhelmingly negative impact on women. In comparison to the Song dynasty, Tang dynasty women in northern China le

Study 43 Terms Chapter 8 Learning Curve Questions

Unit 2: Chapters 6, 7, 8, 9 Review Flashcards Quizle

the Ottoman and Chinese governments during the period 1450-1750 ? (A) The dominance of the imperial government by a landed aristocracy (B) The creation of overseas colonial holdings (C) Heavy reliance on overseas trade for government revenues (D) An extensive governmental bureaucracy 20. Which of the following accurately describes the Play this game to review World History. Which of the following describes the role pastoral societies played in world history before the Mongol Empire Word Civilizations Final. Kelly Fisher. 28 June 2020. 150 test answers. question. Which of the following was an important difference between the Tang and Song dynasties? answer. Unlike the Tang, the Song did not try to expand China's borders into the Inner Eurasian steppe. question The Qing Dynasty was the final imperial dynasty in China, lasting from 1644 to 1912. It was an era noted for its initial prosperity and tumultuous final years

Which of the following statements best describes the relationship between China and the northern nomads in the period 500-1300? a. d) The only relationship between China and the northern nomads was adversarial, each side raiding the other whenever opportunity allowed. Incorrect. The answer is b non-Chinese people • A great military effort was undertaken to provide security for the huge region. • Conquered regions were ruled separately from the rest of China through a new office called the Court of Colonial Affairs • Like other colonial powers, the Chinese made active use of local notables Incorrect. Solution: d) Pangong Tso Lake is an endorheic lake in the Himalayas situated at a height of about 4,350 m. It is 134 km (83 mi) long and extends from India to the Tibetan Autonomous Region, China. Approximately 60% of the length of the lake lies within the Tibetan Autonomous Region

Chapter 8 Flashcards Quizle

007680. 1. During the fourteenth century, Japanese women of aristocratic rank. A. saw marriage customs change to their detriment. B. were transformed because of their ability to hold their own property separately from their husbands. C. became freer due to the stability of the times. D. began writing fiction, a sign of their increased. Study Guide. Print (will print without answers) To print with the answers, first select Expand All, then print . Section 4: Sample Multiple-Choice Questions WEST-E History (027) The sample test questions in this study guide are designed to give you an introduction to the nature of the questions included in the Washington Educator Skills Tests—Endorsements (WEST-E) ____ 141. Which of the following best describes Southeast Asia? a. a region completely dominated by China b. a completely isolated region c. a region composed of a mainland and scattered islands d. a region located between China and Japan ____ 142. Korea was similar to China in that it. a. encouraged contacts with outsiders. b Use the following to answer questions 1-13: Select the word or phrase from the Terms section that best matches the definition or example provided in the Definitions section. Terms a. pastoralism b. Modun c. Xiongnu d. Turks e. Almoravid Empire f. Temujin/Chinggis Khan g. the Mongol world war h. Yuan dynasty China i. Khubilai Khan j. Hulegu k.

AP World History Chapter 8 Quiz Flashcards CourseNote

Consider the following statements, and then answer the question. Early Chinese historian Sima Qian (145-90BCE) described the Xiongnu as pastoral nomadic people who did not engage in agriculture. He also states that the Xiongnu men were formidable warriors, trained from an early age to hunt on horseback with bow and arrow The Military of Ancient China. The ancient Chinese river valley civilization was engaged in military activity since the dawn of warfare. They are one of the worlds oldest and largest civilizations forming around 6000 BC. It is also the longest continuing civilization on Earth. Villages formed in the Northern part of China along the Yellow and. This article is a call for making the Eurasian steppe an object of study within International Relations. The first section argues that the neglect of the steppe is due to 19th-century prejudice against non-sedentary polities as being barbarian. This is hardly a scholarly reason to neglect them. The second section is a nutshell overview of literature on the steppe from other fields Base your answer to the following question on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies. Which statement about the Mongols is supported by the information in the map? (1) The Yuan dynasty kept China isolated from outside influence. (2) Most of the Chinese people lived in the river valleys

The Confucian scholar-bureaucrat did not conceive of a tribute system (there is no Chinese word for it) as an institutional complex complete within itself or distinct from the other institutions of Confucian society.16 Indeed, there is not a Chinese term accurately corresponding to the English term Chp.11 Strayer. What has been the role in world history of pastoral peoples in general and the Mongols in particular? Produced agriculture where no one had thought possible. Played roles as traders and bandits on long distance trade routes. Played roles in the collapses of the 2nd wave civilizations and their rebuilds In the phase following raids for plunder, raids that were without the objective of killing (Columbia University), in 1211 the Mongols invaded the independent Chin of northern China, helped by.

In 1000, 1100, 1200, and 1300, China was the most advanced place in the world. Marco Polo (1254-1324) recognized this when he got to China in the late 13th century after traveling through much of Asia. In what is now Europe, this was the period now referred to as the high Middle Ages, which fostered the Crusades and witnessed the rise of Venice, the mercantile center that was Marco Polo. 67) usefully summarizes the Chinese practice of international politics over the long haul: 'this system was constantly under challenge, breaking down, being reconfigured, and rebuilt. In regard to some regions, like Korea, relations were fairly stable; elsewhere, particularly in the northwest, wide fluctuations occurred. AP World History Practice Questions. Which statement best summarizes the variety of changes that resulted from people learning to use fire a) fire improved the diet of early humans b) fire made domestication of animals easier c) fire allowed people to use metal for the first time d) fire altered the relationship between men and women

(Learning Curve) Chapter 8: China and the World: East

Early in the + 10th century the Khitan kingdom or Liao dynasty (+907-1125) created a form of writing of some 3000 characters, based on the Chinese system, in which to express its own language, and many Chinese classics, histories, and medical works were translated into Khitan and printed, though their circulation was prohibited outside Khitan. Tang dynasty (618-907 CE), Chinese dynasty that succeeded the short-lived Sui dynasty (581-618), developed a successful form of government and administration on the Sui model, and stimulated a cultural and artistic flowering that amounted to a golden age. Learn more about the Tang dynasty in this article The practice was not consistently carried out. As in so many other ways, the nomads sought flexibility. Too rigid a system might not allow for the best man to succeed to the throne (Drompp 1991). On the other hand, the system, if it can be so called, also produced periodic chaos and civil war. This problem was not unique to the Turkic world

Chapter 8: China and the World: East Asian Connections

The Mongolians military tactics and organization enabled the Mongol Empire to conquer nearly all of continental Asia, along with parts of the Middle East and Eastern Europe.. That system was founded originally on the expansion of the nomadic lifestyle of the Mongols. Other elements were invented by Genghis Khan, his generals, and his successors (This was Coleridge's Xanadu). So as not to lose their nomadic ways, the Mongols kept a large are of steppe grass at the summer palace near the Central Capital. Shangdu, the Upper Capital, with a population was between 100,000 and 200,000, looked like a Chinese capital except for the large hunting preserve and garden it had

18. Which of the following statements best describes Mongol rule of China? a.d) The Mongols saw little use in the Chinese bureaucratic system and allowed it to crumble. b.c) The Mongols replaced Chinese bureaucrats with Mongols. c. b) The Mongols, unfamiliar with administration, largely left the Chinese bureaucratic system in place The Yongle Emperor (pronounced [jʊ̀ŋ.lɤ̂], yong-luh; 2 May 1360 - 12 August 1424) — personal name Zhu Di (WG: Chu Ti) — was the third Emperor of the Ming dynasty, reigning from 1402 to 1424.. Zhu Di was the fourth son of the Hongwu Emperor, the founder of the Ming dynasty.He was originally enfeoffed as the Prince of Yan (燕 王) in May 1370, with the capital of his princedom at.

Bedouin, Arab-speaking nomadic peoples of the Middle Eastern deserts, especially of North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, Egypt, Israel, Iraq, Syria, and Jordan. Most Bedouins are animal herders, and their society is tribal and patriarchal, typically composed of extended families that are headed by sheikhs Any of the following questions may appear on the exam. Answers to the following questions will be available . the night before the exam. Chapter 14. Questions. 1.Which of the following was true only of the Western European empires among all the early modern empires? (A)They were the largest empires in the world Manorialism was a system used to design medieval farming systems. b. Manorialism was a system that described the relationship between the nobility and the land. c. Manorialism was a system that influenced the design of medieval cities. d. Manorialism was a system that described the economic and political relationship between landlords and.

China and The World: East Asian Connections 500-1300

The Great Wall did not keep Genghis Khan and his successors out. But it had an effect upon the Chinese psyche over much of that country's history. It is a metaphor for China's historical, social and economic isolation. That the Chinese thought themselves protected, but were walled in, is evident from the British trade mission launched in 1792 Some of them became followers of the Chinese, and another part moved to the northern Yin Shan area or the far northern steppe. Since Chinese military force could not reach the far northern steppe, steps 1 and 2 repeat several times; the nomads in the steppe can develop without attacking and gather more and more people from different clans and. In China Turning Inward, Liu has developed this argument further to suggest that the conservatism of the Song (960-1279) led to an ossification of Chinese culture which, ultimately, led to its downfall.The roots of another stultifying dichotomy, that separating Chinese and non-Chinese, can be traced back to the period following the Song.

The steppe nomads lived on the steppe north of the Black and Caspian Seas and raided north into the forest-steppe. It was their constant raiding that kept the southern lands free of peasants. With the end of the Great Horde in 1502, they were organized as the independent Nogais north of the Caspian and those north of the Black Sea who were more or less subjects of the Crimean Khan This is the fourth part of a four part (I, II, III) look at the Dothraki from George R. R. Martin's A Song of Ice and Fire and HBO's Game of Thrones.We're looking at, in particular, if Martin's claim that the Dothraki are an amalgam of a number of steppe and plains cultures can be sustained in the face of even basic knowledge about historical Steppe and Great Plains nomadic peoples The Mongol invasions and conquests took place during the 13th and 14th centuries, creating history's largest contiguous empire: the Mongol Empire, which by 1300 covered large parts of Eurasia.Historians regard the Mongol devastation as one of the deadliest episodes in history. In addition, Mongol expeditions may have spread the bubonic plague across much of Eurasia, helping to spark the Black. However, as this practice was also carried out in the steppe, the central Chinese examples may have followed a steppe precedent. For examples from the Glaskovo culture, see A. P. Okladnikov, Neolit I Bronzovij Vek Pribajka'ya: Glazkovskoe Vremya (Moscow: Academy of Sciences of the USSR Press, 1955), 34, fig. 13

Pulleyblank: pastoral nomadism based on horse riding did not come to Chinese attention until the state of Zhao reached the edge of the steppe circa before the end of the 5th C BCE. They called the new type of horse-riding barbarian Hu. In Han times the term Hu was applied to steppe nomads in general but especially to the Xiongnu In turn, Chinese-cast bronze helmets began to appear at the burial sites on the steppes, showing that there was a two-way exchange between the nomads and city-dwelling elites (9) Mongolia: Life Before Genghis Khan And His Empire. Chinggis Khaan (the local pronunciation and spelling of Genghis Khan) is synonymous with the Mongols and Mongolian history, and for many there was no other story, culture or history. However, long before the rise of the Mongol Empire in the 12th century, the country was home to ancient kingdoms. Chinese women of the Tang dynasty had greater freedom in their social lives. This was because of the influence of steppe nomads, whose women led less restricted lives. However, the revival of Confucianism and rapid economic growth of the Song resulted in the tightening of patriarchal restrictions on women, such as foot-binding

The - best place - last. As Mongolia shows, nomadic pastoralism and private land just don't mix. Christmas Specials Dec 19th 2002 edition. IT IS what is underfoot that counts. Very roughly. The best known Chinese pyramid is the Mausoleum of the 1st Qin Emperor. Constructed with dirt and mud, this pyramid is located northeast of Xi'an where the Terracotta Warriors were found. Qin Shi Huang's tomb or Mount Li mausoleum is the largest and one of the best Chinese pyramids with an original height of 249 ft This is the second part of a four part (I, III, IV) look at the Dothraki, the fictional horse-borne nomads of the A Song of Ice and Fire / Game of Thrones series.We're looking at, in particular, the degree to which George R.R. Martin's claim that the Dothraki are an amalgam of a number of steppe and plains cultures holds up in the face of research Scythian religion refers to the mythology, ritual practices and beliefs of the Scythians, an ancient Iranian people who dominated Central Asia and the Pontic-Caspian steppe in Eastern Europe throughout Classical Antiquity. What little is known of the religion is drawn from the work of the 5th century Greek historian and ethnographer Herodotus

Collapse of Qin. The Zhou dynasty (c. 1050-256 BCE) had made the State of Qin in Western China as an outpost to breed horses and act as a defensive buffer against nomadic armies of the Rong, Qiang, and Di peoples. After conquering six Warring States (i.e. Han, Zhao, Wei, Chu, Yan, and Qi) by 221 BCE, the King of Qin, Ying Zheng, unified China under one empire divided into 36 centrally. Kievan Rus' (Old East Slavic: Роусь, romanized: Rusĭ, or роусьскаѧ землѧ, romanized: rusĭskaę zemlę, Rus' land) or Kyivan Rus', was a loose federation of East Slavic and Finno-Ugric peoples in Eastern and Northern Europe from the late 9th to the mid-13th century, under the reign of the Rurik dynasty, founded by the Varangian prince Rurik

The History of East Asia generally encompasses the histories of China, Japan and Korea from prehistoric times to the present. East Asia is not a uniform term and each of its countries has a different national history, but scholars maintain that the region is also characterized by a distinct pattern of historical development. This is evident in the interrelationship among East Asian countries. According to Psarras, the defeat of the Han dynasty led to the introduction of a new system of non- tributary regal relations that future empires continued to practice with foreign societies (1995). Instead of paying annual tribute, brotherly relations were incorporated, which resulted in the marriage of the Han princess and Xiongnu leader and. The collapse of the Han Dynasty (206 BCE-221 CE) was a setback in the history of China. The Han empire was such a pivotal era in the history of China that the majority ethnic group in the country today still refer to themselves as the people of Han. Despite its undeniable power and technological innovation, the empire's collapse sent the country into disarray for nearly four centuries

59. Which of the following statements best describes conditions in the early 1800s when Thomas Malthus lived? (A) There were no controls in place to limit population growth. (B) Food production increases were limited by the technology of the time. (C) Governments had no concerns about population growth or food production. (D) A and B only Which of the following evidence from the period would best support this historical reinterpretation? (A) Prices for Chinese goods were much higher in Europe than in China. (B) European trading companies often backed their long-distance trading ventures with the threat of military force The absence of a glorification of war in China was largely due to the Confucian philosophy and its accompanying literature which stressed the importance of other matters of civil life. Military treatises were written but, otherwise, stirring tales of derring-do in battle and martial themes, in general, are all rarer in Chinese mythology, literature and art than in contemporary western cultures. Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Which of the following describes a feature of chiefdoms? a. The use of force to ensure obedience from subjects b. The absence of centralized authority c. The collection of tribute from commoners d. The separation of religious and secular power 2 Such a vegetation pattern provides for animals like elk and reindeers to prosper in the snow cover, which in turn provide for the need of nomads in that region, where they practice reindeer herding. This is also supplemented by hunting of fur based animals in that region and using them for trade [10]

The Han dynasty 漢 (206 BCE-220 CE) was the first long-lasting imperial dynasty of China. It was founded by the adventurer Liu Bang 劉邦 (Emperor Gaozu 漢高祖, r. 206-195 BCE) who took part in the rebellion against the oppressive government of the short-lived Qin dynasty 秦 (221-206 BCE). The Han period is divided into the Former Han Qianhan 前漢 (206 BCE-8 CE) and the Later Han. Mongol leader Genghis Khan (1162-1227) rose from humble beginnings to establish the largest land empire in history. After uniting the nomadic tribes of the Mongolian plateau, he conquered huge. Fantastic Beasts Of The Eurasian Steppes: Toward A Revisionist Approach To Animal-Style Ar As dialects in name only. These dialects are highly divergent and are descended from Old and Middle Chinese with numerous substrata and adstrates having come to influence the emergent speech forms to various degrees. Some examples are Cantones..

The Han Dynasty ruled China from 206 B.C. to 220 A.D. and was the second imperial dynasty of China. Though tainted by deadly dramas within the royal court, it is also known for its promotion of. The walled settlements of the steppe are almost always quadrilateral and relatively square constructions built at previously unoccupied locations. Generally, the pattern of square or rectangular defensive walls was standard practice in China and throughout a much larger region extending through central Asia (Wheatley, 1971). Although some.

APWH Strayer Ch 7-11 World History Quiz - Quiziz

  1. ated by tussock grasses (genera Stipa , Festuca and Koeleria ) and wormwood (genus Artemisia ) (Lavrenko & Karamysheva, 1993).While Artemisia increases in cover towards the dryer south (Brinkert et al., 2016), the northern steppes are largely characterized by mesophytic herbs.Across the ecotonal forest steppe, there is a mosaic of herb‐rich.
  2. In the East Slavic tribes came in contact with the powerful steppe nomads from the earliest times. The early Slavs where at times resentful subjects of these tribes and at others willing allies. Perhaps the most common situation was that they avoided the open plains, while the mounted raiders, respecting the Slavic warriors avoided the forests
  3. In response to the question about traditional Chinese religions, I can recommend Stephen F. Teiser, The Spirits of Chinese Religion, in Donald S. Lopez, tr., Religions of China in Practice (Princeton UP, 1996), on the web here
  4. ent and enduring participation in the Chinese tribute system. At various times, the participants in the system included nomads from central and North Asia, Tibet, many kingdoms of Southeast Asia, and the emperors of Japan
  5. utes to take it. You will receive the answer sheet in class on Monday 1. Which of the following types of evidence would most strongly support the theory that the Americas were first populated by.

EXAM 3 - World Civilization - Multiple Choice Flashcards

  1. Ancient Turkic writing. Some Articles from the Book of O. Zhanaydarov Tengrism: Myths And Legends of Ancient Turks. The problem of identification of ancient Turkic writing is one of the most complex and difficult problems, exacerbated by not just an extreme scarcity of sources on this topic, but also because of the centuries of prejudice and scientific fraternity
  2. Other articles where History of China is discussed: China: History of China: The practice of archaeology in China has been rooted in modern Chinese history. The intellectual and political reformers of the 1920s challenged the historicity of the legendary inventors of Chinese culture, such as Shennong, the Divine Farmer, an
  3. The Kushans and the Tocharians seem to have played a part in the Silk Road transmission of Buddhism to China. Many apparently also practised some variant of Manichaeanism. Protected by the Taklamakan desert from steppe nomads, the Tocharian culture survived past the 7th century
  4. After more than 150 years, the rule of the Qitan Liao dynasty came to an end in northern China in 1124, owing to the attack of new nomadic conquerors, the Jurchens, who sprang forth, as earlier the Qitans themselves did, from the territory of modern Manchuria, and who, as the Jin dynasty, would rule north China for the following century
  5. g. Shortly after, Stone Age humans in.
  6. Volume 1 focuses on the geography of the area now occupied by present-day Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, northern Afghanistan, western and central Mongolia and parts of southern Russia and northern China

Study 51 Terms Chapter 8 Flashcards Quizle

  1. istrative system. Steppe tribes were ruled by a traditional military organization, while the far
  2. ant power on the eastern steppe, centered.
  3. ance of the two.
  4. Hello r/badhistory I visit this subreddit often to learn something and laugh, this is my first time posting. Now I know that the title can be interpeted in a couple of ways and the Sacred Band of Thebes where lovers coupled together. But the person in the r/askreddit thread implied that gay people in the modern context as openly homosexual joined this force, or where picked out by the government
  5. Mongol empire, empire founded by Genghis Khan in 1206. Originating from the Mongol heartland in the Steppe of central Asia, by the late 13th century it spanned from the Pacific Ocean in the east to the Danube River and the shores of the Persian Gulf in the west. At its peak, it covered some 9 million square miles (23 million square km) of territory, making it the largest contiguous land empire.
  6. ance The Sui (581-618) Tujue China's do

Mongol Empire World History Quiz - Quiziz

  1. Chinese ships had watertight compartments, pivoting sails and compasses. Large sailing ships had six masts, four decks and were capable of carrying a 1000 men. Chinese engineers developed the spinning jenny and the steam engine, two inventions that were key to England the Industrial Revolution in the 19th century
  2. The Olmec were the first major civilization in Mexico. They lived in the tropical lowlands on the Gulf of Mexico in the present-day Mexican states of Veracruz and Tabasco. The name Olmec is a Nahuatl—the Aztec language—word; it means the rubber people
  3. The Travels of Marco Polo. by Marco Polo. THE LITERARY WORK. A travel narrative set primarily in China and Southeast Asia, spanning the years 1260 to 1295; first published in Franco-Italian (as Divisament du Monde: Description of the World) in 1299; in English in 1579.. SYNOPSIS. A Venetian merchant journeys to the Far East, enters the service of Kublai Khan of China, and describes the places.
  4. You may be prescribed antibacterial, antifungal or antiviral drugs on an ongoing basis to guard against infection.: The level on which Jason X does succeed, however, is as an ongoing make-work program for talentless young actors.: Rather it was a not so subtle attempt to strike back at Brazil in an ongoing trade dispute over state subsidies to regional jet manufacturers
  5. The Chinese characters for Xianbei mean literally fresh new thieves. The best known of the Xianbei peoples were the Xianbei-Tuoba tribe. They had their name after their sacred royal lineage, Tuoba. Following modern rules of pronunciation, it must be pronounced something like Thor-bar, and I think, it means the descendants after Thor

The so called barbarians—the Goths, Vandals, Franks, etc., were known to the Romans long before their conquest of the West. As a matter of fact, the empire in the fourth century was filled with the Latinized barbarians of Gothic and Vandal stock. Within the empire a Goth or a Vandal was called so by the Romans for his Gothic or Vandal family. Central Asia's most famous artist Said Atabekov both interrogates and imagines religiosity in post-Soviet Kazakhstan in his art. He has been doing so as a member of the Kyzyl Tractor (Red Tractor) art collective and in his own art practice. They perform as shamans and explore the nomadic steppe culture of the days of yore. Offering a nuanced and often ironic critique of present-day. The ascent of maritime business convinced the Kangzi emperor to open the coast to international trade, putting an end to the tribute trade system. Zhao's study details China's unique contribution to early globalization, the pattern of which differs significantly from the European experience Ancient influences from Central Asia became identifiable in China following contacts of metropolitan China with nomadic western and northwestern border territories from the 8th century BC. Gold entered China from Central Asia between the 8th and the 7th centuries, and Chinese jade-carvers began to make imitations of the designs of the steppes In the ancient world, the states around the Mediterranean were ruled by various forms of monarchy, aristocracy and democracy, each of which had varying levels of success. Meanwhile, in China, monarchy political-history government ancient-china philosophy medieval-china. asked Oct 14 '11 at 0:06. lins314159